Q&A from Small Animal Requirements Webinar

by Rebecca Haugland | March 29, 2019

In the Small Animal Requirements for Movement and Travel webinar, Dr. Valerie Ragan presented on the current regulations around animal movement, what changes may be on the horizon, and what animal health professionals can do to prepare.

We shared the webinar recording and resources on the GVL blog, and have now summarized the Questions and Answer session here.

First, Dr. Ragan has a few clarifications and corrections to some of the information that she provided. Additional details on these topics can be found in the webinar Q&A outlined below.

Clarifications and Corrections from the Small Animal Requirements webinar

  1. Although accreditation is needed for international health certifications and most interstate health certificates, some state veterinarians may allow small animal CVIs to be issued by licensed non-accredited veterinarians. If you are not accredited and are asked to write an interstate health certificate, be sure to check with the state veterinarian for the state of destination to see if they may accept it. Please see additional information on accreditation below.
  2. To clarify about the circumstances under which it is appropriate to issue an ICVI which was acquired from a specific state (in other words, the ICVI has that state’s logo on it): A CVI with a state’s logo on it is typically only issued for animals that reside in that state (so it would be issued for animals moving out of that state, not into that state). That may vary from state to state, so you should check with your state veterinarian if you plan to use those certificates, and ensure they are also valid for small animals.
  3. An outdated slide was inadvertently used in the presentation and we would like to provide updated information. Slide 29 had an image representing the Institute for Infectious Animal Diseases (IIAD) AgConnect mCVI. The AgConnect mCVI was discontinued in September 2018, and has been replaced by IIAD’s updated AgView CVI.

Questions and Answers from the Small Animal Requirements webinar

There were many questions submitted by webinar attendees, and not all of them could be addressed in the hour-long session. We have compiled the questions and worked with Dr. Ragan to provide answers to the best of our knowledge. Click on a topic to expand the Q&A.


Check your accreditation status and find answers to other accreditation questions at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/nvap. Click on “Check my accreditation status” at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/nvap/ct_areavet.

For more information on having your accreditation reinstated, visit https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/nvap/ct_reinstate.

Although accreditation is needed for international health certifications and most interstate health certificates, some state veterinarians may allow small animal CVIs to be issued by licensed non-accredited veterinarians. If you are not accredited and are asked to write an interstate health certificate, be sure to check with the state veterinarian for the state of destination to see if they may accept it.


The Federal Code of Regulations states:

(c) An accredited veterinarian shall not issue any certificate, form, record, or report which reflects the results of any inspection, test, vaccination, or treatment performed by another accredited veterinarian, unless:

(1) The signing accredited veterinarian has exercised reasonable care, that is, a standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would use under the circumstances in the course of performing professional duties, to determine that the certificate, form, or report is accurate;

(2) The certificate, form, or report indicates that the inspection, test, vaccination, or treatment

was performed by the other accredited veterinarian; identifies the other accredited veterinarian

by name; and includes the date and the place where such inspection, test, or vaccination was

performed; and,

(3) For a certificate, form, or report indicating results of a laboratory test, the signing accredited

veterinarian shall keep a copy of the certificate, form, or report and shall attach to it either a copy of the test results issued by the laboratory, or a written record (including date and participants’ names) of a conversation between the signing accredited veterinarian and the laboratory confirming the test results.

For further guidance, you may want to check with the USDA accreditation contact for your state.

Check with the state of destination as some states exempt certain species of companion animals. If the animal is flying, check with the airline for specific requirements.

An accredited veterinarian may not perform accredited duties in a state in which the accredited veterinarian is not licensed or legally able to practice veterinary medicine. If the horse is in the state you are licensed and accredited in when you examine it, you should meet the requirements. If in doubt, check with the accreditation coordinator for your state here: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/vet_accreditation/downloads/nvap_coordinator.pdf.

Movement of diseased animals is generally prohibited. More information can be found here: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/nvap/NVAP-Reference-Guide/Animal-Movement/interstate-regulations. Contact your State Animal Health Official for additional information regarding moving sick animals.

Contact information for State Animal Health Officials can be found at usaha.org.

International Regulations

Requirements vary depending on the country of destination. Information regarding international regulations can be found here at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/export/iregs-for-animal-exports.

In most cases of international travel, a USDA endorsement is required. Visit https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/pet-travel and select a destination country to check the endorsement requirements.

The UK will likely set their own import requirements, which may or may not be different from those of the EU. It is hard to predict what the requirements may be. It would be best to check with USDA for updated requirements.

Countries set their own requirements as to which certificates they will accept. Please contact the USDA National Import Export service center for your area to help you with this. Those contacts can be found at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/downloads/nies_contacts/directory.pdf

Interstate Regulations

The most updated information regarding travel into Hawaii can be found at http://hdoa.hawaii.gov/ai/aqs/aqs-info/.

Requirements are set by the state veterinarian for the state of destination. Animal owners traveling with a pet are not generally required to turn the CVI in, but should have one available if required. Check with the state veterinarians office for the state of destination for specifics.

Please check with your State Veterinarian’s office for guidance. They would have more experience with situations such as this.

Yes, VSPS certificates are accepted in all 50 states, but they are not available for companion animals.

GVL digital certificates are accepted in all US states and territories. For other digital certificates, you will need to check with the provider and your state animal health official.

The requirements are determined by each state veterinarian, so yes, they may vary from state to state.

It is suggested that CVIs be printed for airline travel at this time, but check with the airline as their rules are subject to change.


A Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (CVI) or health certificate is valid for 30 days.

No. Currently, there is no digital solution for international certificates.

Hard copy certificates are still accepted in most states. If you are questioning if a certificate will be accepted, it is best practice to contact the state veterinarian of the destination state to ensure they still accept the certificate form you are using.

To see the most up-to-date map of the states still accepting the 7001 form, visit globalvetlink.com/7001form.

The APHIS 7001 form is available only as a fillable PDF on the APHIS USDA website.

The receiving state or country determines which forms are acceptable. Many states do not accept the APHIS 7001 forms due to these key reasons:

  • 7001 forms are accessible to anyone, not just accredited veterinarians;
  • The forms don’t have a unique identifying number, which prevents tracing the origin;
  • There’s a higher tendency to forge a vet’s signature and create fraudulent 7001 forms.

GVL Platform

Yes, GVL digital health certificates (CVIs) are accepted in all 50 states as well as the US territories.

Currently, the GVL platform, as well as SmartEngine, can only be used to create domestic CVIs.

The GVL platform currently integrates CVIs with INOVA, ImproMed and HVMS.

Consignor is the owner of the animal(s). In the case of travel, Consignee should be listed as the same as Consignor (the animal owner). In the case of a sale, Consignee would be the new owner.

To obtain a permit number, the veterinarian can complete the certificate and then click Get Certificate Number. This locks the CVI from further editing and will provide them with the certificate number to provide to the state to obtain the permit number. Once they have the permit number, they can enter it on the certificate and sign the certificate.

The veterinarian has the ability to attach additional records to a CVI. At this time, animal owners cannot upload additional records themselves in the GVL MyVetLink app.

Photos and descriptions are not required for small animals, but photos and descriptions can be added to the animal profile.

GVL can provide clinics with a client information form as a fillable pdf to email or print, which can be shared with clients to fill out before you create a health certificate / CVI. You also have the option of creating the CVI and printing a copy of the CVI preview before signing. You can use this as a double check with your client to ensure that everything on the certificate is correct before the veterinarian signs it.

Yes, physical copies of the certificates can be printed by the veterinarian or animal owner.

Animal profiles within the GVL platform can include multiple ID types (registered name, microchip, brand, etc.). There is also a section within the animal profile that will allow you to include a brand description and image.

Yes, you can enter the information on the CVI and then save it as a draft. Once you have the correct information, you can edit the draft and then sign the CVI.

When traveling by air, if the animal will be traveling under the wing, the airline be listed as the Carrier. If the animal is traveling in the cabin with the owner, the owner should be listed as the Carrier. If traveling by car, the animal owner should be listed as the Carrier.

Once a CVI has been signed by the veterinarian, it cannot be edited. This is due to regulatory restrictions, as the CVIs are immediately submitted to both the state of origin and destination at signing. CVIs can be previewed before being signed, which gives you the chance to ensure that all of the information is correct before signing. Should you have an error with a final CVI, you can void the incorrect certificate and create a new one.

Clinic support staff can be setup with accounts in order to enter client and animal information. Only the veterinarian is able to sign the certificate.

Yes, GVL CVIs can be used for intrastate health certificates, as well.

Yes. You can add a client’s email address to their profile in GVL and grant them access to MyVetLink. They will then receive information on signing up for their MyVetLink account. Through a MyVetLink account and the MyVetLink app, animal owners have 24/7 access to their completed certificates. The MyVetLink app is available in the App Store and Google Play for both Android and Apple devices.

Yes. The GVL platform allows you to upload images of horses to digital EIA / Coggins test certificates. You can use GVL’s free HorseSync app to collect horse information and photos and add them to the animal’s profile. Profiles created through GVL HorseSync will automatically be uploaded to your GVL account.

Want to watch the Small Animal Requirements webinar online?

The live webinar was recorded, and we have added it to our webinars page to watch online. You will need to register to view the webinar, even if you had previously registered for the live webinar.

If you would like to earn CE credit, you will also need to take a short quiz after the webinar, linked below.

(If you already attended the live webinar for at least 50 minutes and requested CE, a certificate will be emailed to you.)

See the last part of this article for additional information about CE.

Helpful Resources

Visit our previous blog post for additional resources and information from the webinar.